Formatting#

Make your message formatting flexible and simple

This instrument works on top of Message entities instead of using HTML or Markdown markups, you can easily construct your message and sent it to the Telegram without the need to remember tag parity (opening and closing) or escaping user input.

Usage#

Basic scenario#

Construct your message and send it to the Telegram.

content = Text("Hello, ", Bold(message.from_user.full_name), "!")
await message.answer(**content.as_kwargs())

Is the same as the next example, but without usage markup

await message.answer(
    text=f"Hello, <b>{html.quote(message.from_user.full_name)}!",
    parse_mode=ParseMode.HTML
)

Literally when you execute as_kwargs method the Text object is converted into text Hello, Alex! with entities list [MessageEntity(type='bold', offset=7, length=4)] and passed into dict which can be used as **kwargs in API call.

The complete list of elements is listed on this page below.

Advanced scenario#

On top of base elements can be implemented content rendering structures, so, out of the box aiogram has a few already implemented functions that helps you to format your messages:

aiogram.utils.formatting.as_line(*items: Any, end: str = '\n', sep: str = '') Text[source]#

Wrap multiple nodes into line with \n at the end of line.

Parameters:
  • items – Text or Any

  • end – ending of the line, by default is \n

  • sep – separator between items, by default is empty string

Returns:

Text

aiogram.utils.formatting.as_list(*items: Any, sep: str = '\n') Text[source]#

Wrap each element to separated lines

Parameters:
  • items

  • sep

Returns:

aiogram.utils.formatting.as_marked_list(*items: Any, marker: str = '- ') Text[source]#

Wrap elements as marked list

Parameters:
  • items

  • marker – line marker, by default is ‘- ‘

Returns:

Text

aiogram.utils.formatting.as_numbered_list(*items: Any, start: int = 1, fmt: str = '{}. ') Text[source]#

Wrap elements as numbered list

Parameters:
  • items

  • start – initial number, by default 1

  • fmt – number format, by default ‘{}. ‘

Returns:

Text

aiogram.utils.formatting.as_section(title: Any, *body: Any) Text[source]#

Wrap elements as simple section, section has title and body

Parameters:
  • title

  • body

Returns:

Text

aiogram.utils.formatting.as_marked_section(title: Any, *body: Any, marker: str = '- ') Text[source]#

Wrap elements as section with marked list

Parameters:
  • title

  • body

  • marker

Returns:

aiogram.utils.formatting.as_numbered_section(title: Any, *body: Any, start: int = 1, fmt: str = '{}. ') Text[source]#

Wrap elements as section with numbered list

Parameters:
  • title

  • body

  • start

  • fmt

Returns:

aiogram.utils.formatting.as_key_value(key: Any, value: Any) Text[source]#

Wrap elements pair as key-value line. (<b>{key}:</b> {value})

Parameters:
  • key

  • value

Returns:

Text

and lets complete them all:

content = as_list(
    as_marked_section(
        Bold("Success:"),
        "Test 1",
        "Test 3",
        "Test 4",
        marker="✅ ",
    ),
    as_marked_section(
        Bold("Failed:"),
        "Test 2",
        marker="❌ ",
    ),
    as_marked_section(
        Bold("Summary:"),
        as_key_value("Total", 4),
        as_key_value("Success", 3),
        as_key_value("Failed", 1),
        marker="  ",
    ),
    HashTag("#test"),
    sep="\n\n",
)

Will be rendered into:

Success:

✅ Test 1

✅ Test 3

✅ Test 4

Failed:

❌ Test 2

Summary:

Total: 4

Success: 3

Failed: 1

#test

Or as HTML:

<b>Success:</b>
✅ Test 1
✅ Test 3
✅ Test 4

<b>Failed:</b>
❌ Test 2

<b>Summary:</b>
  <b>Total:</b> 4
  <b>Success:</b> 3
  <b>Failed:</b> 1

#test

Available methods#

class aiogram.utils.formatting.Text(*body: Any, **params: Any)[source]#

Bases: Iterable[Any]

Simple text element

__init__(*body: Any, **params: Any) None[source]#
render(*, _offset: int = 0, _sort: bool = True, _collect_entities: bool = True) Tuple[str, List[MessageEntity]][source]#

Render elements tree as text with entities list

Returns:

as_kwargs(*, text_key: str = 'text', entities_key: str = 'entities', replace_parse_mode: bool = True, parse_mode_key: str = 'parse_mode') Dict[str, Any][source]#

Render elements tree as keyword arguments for usage in the API call, for example:

entities = Text(...)
await message.answer(**entities.as_kwargs())
Parameters:
  • text_key

  • entities_key

  • replace_parse_mode

  • parse_mode_key

Returns:

as_html() str[source]#

Render elements tree as HTML markup

as_markdown() str[source]#

Render elements tree as MarkdownV2 markup

Available elements#

class aiogram.utils.formatting.Text(*body: Any, **params: Any)[source]

Bases: Iterable[Any]

Simple text element

class aiogram.utils.formatting.HashTag(*body: Any, **params: Any)[source]#

Bases: Text

Hashtag element.

Warning

The value should always start with ‘#’ symbol

Will be wrapped into aiogram.types.message_entity.MessageEntity with type aiogram.enums.message_entity_type.MessageEntityType.HASHTAG

class aiogram.utils.formatting.CashTag(*body: Any, **params: Any)[source]#

Bases: Text

Cashtag element.

Warning

The value should always start with ‘$’ symbol

Will be wrapped into aiogram.types.message_entity.MessageEntity with type aiogram.enums.message_entity_type.MessageEntityType.CASHTAG

class aiogram.utils.formatting.BotCommand(*body: Any, **params: Any)[source]#

Bases: Text

Bot command element.

Warning

The value should always start with ‘/’ symbol

Will be wrapped into aiogram.types.message_entity.MessageEntity with type aiogram.enums.message_entity_type.MessageEntityType.BOT_COMMAND

class aiogram.utils.formatting.Url(*body: Any, **params: Any)[source]#

Bases: Text

Url element.

Will be wrapped into aiogram.types.message_entity.MessageEntity with type aiogram.enums.message_entity_type.MessageEntityType.URL

class aiogram.utils.formatting.Email(*body: Any, **params: Any)[source]#

Bases: Text

Email element.

Will be wrapped into aiogram.types.message_entity.MessageEntity with type aiogram.enums.message_entity_type.MessageEntityType.EMAIL

class aiogram.utils.formatting.PhoneNumber(*body: Any, **params: Any)[source]#

Bases: Text

Phone number element.

Will be wrapped into aiogram.types.message_entity.MessageEntity with type aiogram.enums.message_entity_type.MessageEntityType.PHONE_NUMBER

class aiogram.utils.formatting.Bold(*body: Any, **params: Any)[source]#

Bases: Text

Bold element.

Will be wrapped into aiogram.types.message_entity.MessageEntity with type aiogram.enums.message_entity_type.MessageEntityType.BOLD

class aiogram.utils.formatting.Italic(*body: Any, **params: Any)[source]#

Bases: Text

Italic element.

Will be wrapped into aiogram.types.message_entity.MessageEntity with type aiogram.enums.message_entity_type.MessageEntityType.ITALIC

class aiogram.utils.formatting.Underline(*body: Any, **params: Any)[source]#

Bases: Text

Underline element.

Will be wrapped into aiogram.types.message_entity.MessageEntity with type aiogram.enums.message_entity_type.MessageEntityType.UNDERLINE

class aiogram.utils.formatting.Strikethrough(*body: Any, **params: Any)[source]#

Bases: Text

Strikethrough element.

Will be wrapped into aiogram.types.message_entity.MessageEntity with type aiogram.enums.message_entity_type.MessageEntityType.STRIKETHROUGH

class aiogram.utils.formatting.Spoiler(*body: Any, **params: Any)[source]#

Bases: Text

Spoiler element.

Will be wrapped into aiogram.types.message_entity.MessageEntity with type aiogram.enums.message_entity_type.MessageEntityType.SPOILER

class aiogram.utils.formatting.Code(*body: Any, **params: Any)[source]#

Bases: Text

Code element.

Will be wrapped into aiogram.types.message_entity.MessageEntity with type aiogram.enums.message_entity_type.MessageEntityType.CODE

class aiogram.utils.formatting.Pre(*body: Any, language: str | None = None, **params: Any)[source]#

Bases: Text

Pre element.

Will be wrapped into aiogram.types.message_entity.MessageEntity with type aiogram.enums.message_entity_type.MessageEntityType.PRE

Bases: Text

Text link element.

Will be wrapped into aiogram.types.message_entity.MessageEntity with type aiogram.enums.message_entity_type.MessageEntityType.TEXT_LINK

class aiogram.utils.formatting.TextMention(*body: Any, user: User, **params: Any)[source]#

Bases: Text

Text mention element.

Will be wrapped into aiogram.types.message_entity.MessageEntity with type aiogram.enums.message_entity_type.MessageEntityType.TEXT_MENTION

class aiogram.utils.formatting.CustomEmoji(*body: Any, custom_emoji_id: str, **params: Any)[source]#

Bases: Text

Custom emoji element.

Will be wrapped into aiogram.types.message_entity.MessageEntity with type aiogram.enums.message_entity_type.MessageEntityType.CUSTOM_EMOJI

class aiogram.utils.formatting.BlockQuote(*body: Any, **params: Any)[source]#

Bases: Text

Block quote element.

Will be wrapped into aiogram.types.message_entity.MessageEntity with type aiogram.enums.message_entity_type.MessageEntityType.BLOCKQUOTE

class aiogram.utils.formatting.ExpandableBlockQuote(*body: Any, **params: Any)[source]#

Bases: Text

Expandable block quote element.

Will be wrapped into aiogram.types.message_entity.MessageEntity with type aiogram.enums.message_entity_type.MessageEntityType.EXPANDABLE_BLOCKQUOTE