How to download file?#

Download file manually#

First, you must get the file_id of the file you want to download. Information about files sent to the bot is contained in Message.

For example, download the document that came to the bot.

file_id = message.document.file_id

Then use the getFile method to get file_path.

file = await bot.get_file(file_id)
file_path = file.file_path

After that, use the download_file method from the bot object.

download_file(…)#

Download file by file_path to destination.

If you want to automatically create destination (io.BytesIO) use default value of destination and handle result of this method.

class aiogram.client.bot.Bot(token: str, session: Optional[BaseSession] = None, parse_mode: Optional[str] = None)[source]#

Bot class

async download_file(file_path: str, destination: Optional[Union[BinaryIO, Path, str]] = None, timeout: int = 30, chunk_size: int = 65536, seek: bool = True) Optional[BinaryIO][source]#

Download file by file_path to destination.

If you want to automatically create destination (io.BytesIO) use default value of destination and handle result of this method.

Parameters:
  • file_path – File path on Telegram server (You can get it from aiogram.types.File)

  • destination – Filename, file path or instance of io.IOBase. For e.g. io.BytesIO, defaults to None

  • timeout – Total timeout in seconds, defaults to 30

  • chunk_size – File chunks size, defaults to 64 kb

  • seek – Go to start of file when downloading is finished. Used only for destination with typing.BinaryIO type, defaults to True

There are two options where you can download the file: to disk or to binary I/O object.

Download file to disk#

To download file to disk, you must specify the file name or path where to download the file. In this case, the function will return nothing.

await bot.download_file(file_path, "text.txt")

Download file to binary I/O object#

To download file to binary I/O object, you must specify an object with the typing.BinaryIO type or use the default (None) value.

In the first case, the function will return your object:

my_object = MyBinaryIO()
result: MyBinaryIO = await bot.download_file(file_path, my_object)
# print(result is my_object)  # True

If you leave the default value, an io.BytesIO object will be created and returned.

result: io.BytesIO = await bot.download_file(file_path)

Download file in short way#

Getting file_path manually every time is boring, so you should use the download method.

download(…)#

Download file by file_id or Downloadable object to destination.

If you want to automatically create destination (io.BytesIO) use default value of destination and handle result of this method.

class aiogram.client.bot.Bot(token: str, session: Optional[BaseSession] = None, parse_mode: Optional[str] = None)[source]#

Bot class

async download(file: Union[str, Downloadable], destination: Optional[Union[BinaryIO, Path, str]] = None, timeout: int = 30, chunk_size: int = 65536, seek: bool = True) Optional[BinaryIO][source]#

Download file by file_id or Downloadable object to destination.

If you want to automatically create destination (io.BytesIO) use default value of destination and handle result of this method.

Parameters:
  • file – file_id or Downloadable object

  • destination – Filename, file path or instance of io.IOBase. For e.g. io.BytesIO, defaults to None

  • timeout – Total timeout in seconds, defaults to 30

  • chunk_size – File chunks size, defaults to 64 kb

  • seek – Go to start of file when downloading is finished. Used only for destination with typing.BinaryIO type, defaults to True

It differs from download_file only in that it accepts file_id or an Downloadable object (object that contains the file_id attribute) instead of file_path.

You can download a file to disk or to a binary I/O object in the same way.

Example:

document = message.document
await bot.download(document)